Archive for October, 2013

What is the difference between indemnity and liability?

Posted by 26 October, 2013 (0) Comment

This article is about indemnities and liabilities, why they are often confused and what you can do about it.  I’ve lost count of the number of times people have contacted me, initially requesting an indemnity protection, and it transpired that it would never have done what they wanted it to.

NB: Since this article was posted in 2013 Cyber Indemnity and Cyber Liability have entered the language yet they are still jargon. Click here to find out more about these emerging risks.

Welcome back, or if you’re new here sign up to our orange RSS button to the top right of this page to receive insurance tips, new posts, plus details of events and promotions that could help you or your network reduce the risks facing their organisation.

What is an indemnity?

 

Rather than getting technical I am trying to put this in layman’s terms. I am giving advice to people on how to reduce risks, arrange insurance policies and get them to pay out when the business needs them to, or defend the business. So if someone asks me to arrange protection for a hotel which would costs £3.6 million to rebuild, they expect me to get the insurance company to pay out if a fire breaks out.

If I fail in my professional duty to provide the protection they requested, I have no doubt that they would take legal action against me, and rightly so. The cover I have is called an indemnity and its designed to maintain my financial position even if I do make an error and something terrible happens as an consequence. That is the principle, putting me back in the position I was in before the error occurred by covering the financial loss. Loss of reputation is another issue and there are many ways of handling that hot potato.

What is a liability?

 

A liability, in layman’s terms, is more of a legal responsibility rather than a professional one. Companies are liable for the cost of compensation for employees who are injured at work. Naturally, people that undertake construction projects (or other outdoor work) are liable to members of the public if they cause damage, an injury or an illness. Read about the Jaguar car that was melted by a new building in London.

Some miscreants think they can buy the cheapest liability protection on the market, rather than one that is fit for purpose, and if someone is injured or becomes unwell because of their negligence, they will simply close their businesses. One gentlemen told me he would “pack up and go home”. Little did they know that they are also liable as directors and I would certainly have no qualms about talking to the director of a company that hadn’t adequately protected loved ones in a working or public environment.

If they have not taking care of their own insurance, they might have to sell their own assets in order to pay for someone else’s long term care. It is enshrined in UK law that the person causing an injury or an illness is “liable” for the cost of compensating the injured party. This is an incredibly rare occurrence so rates are low.

Iamconfused.com

 

With so many people doing research on Google its not surprising there are a trillion opinions about what is right for each business. The only real way to assess whether a liability cover should be preferred to an indemnity is by thinking about who is likely to take action against an entity and why would they even think about doing so. Think about near misses that have happened, check your accident book or your complaint register, or ask your customer service team what the closest calls were.

Once you have done that speak to a lawyer and find out how much it would cost to defend allegations because you will not want to pay out willy nilly and become a target for spurious claimant or professional claim management companies. They have no qualms about targeting a business that have been quick to make a settlement in the past. Once a lawyer has identified the possible defence cost and likely compensation awards based on recent “case history”,  you’ll be in the position to assess whether you need protection and what type is going to be the best fit.

Wrap Up: Indemnities and liabilities are like widgets to the man in the street. How do you know the difference between the two until you have compared them? Professional indemnity is compulsory for some professions in the UK, including mine, tune in next time for some examples.

Top Tip: Do not rely on your terms and conditions to protect your cashflow. They will possibly reduce the amount you end up paying or losing to someone with limited legal resources. They are of little use when someone with unlimited legal funds has got really upset and is gunning for you or becomes insolvent and runs from you.

 

Categories : Accountants Insurance,After The Event,All Risks Insurance,Building Contractor,Business Insurance,Company Insurance,Contractors Insurance,Customer Service,Design Insurance,Domian name protection,General Requirements,Health & Safety,Intellectual Property Insurance,Legal expenses insurance,Liability Insurance,Litigation expenses insurance,Patent Insurance,Personal Insurance,Solicitors indemnity,Solicitors insurance,Trade,Trade Secret Protection,Trademark Insurance,Uncategorized Tags : , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Advisers “advice” drops client in it

Posted by 5 October, 2013 (0) Comment

This article about how insurances with the same “brand name” can look the same to the untrained eye, how pressure to provide quotations often stresses brokers, how lucrative industries carry the highest risks, and how you can reduce them.

Welcome back, or if you’re new here sign up to our orange RSS button to the top right of this page to receive insurance tips, new posts, plus details of events and promotions that could help you or your network reduce the risks facing their organisation.

No two businesses are the same

 

Recently I was asked for “professional insurance” by two distinctly different businesses. One business advised multinationals on which businesses they should merge or acquire, and the other helped people in the UK to buy a business by finding them and introducing the investor to the current business owner. Both thought they were in mergers and acquisitions. This is seen as a very high risk industry by underwriters, and very few insurance providers will provide cover for such a high risk area.

The first business specialised in Anglo-Chinese business relations and was introduced to me by an accountant who understood exactly what I did. The introduction was made after the business had received a quotation that amounted to 18% of their annual turnover. You might think that is ridiculous, and it is, yet I have seen solicitors charged 38% of their turnover for insurance because of the ridiculous way solicitors are made to buy insurance.

Pressure cooker environment?

 

In each case, there was pressure to provide documentation to 3rd parties who wanted to work with these companies, yet insisted that they had appropriate insurance cover first. This is not at all unusual, in fact, about 50% of my clients have insurance requirements imposed on them by third parties. Yet they were all able to explain why they needed it and when the deadline was. So we make time to provide real advice.

Some of those I have been able to help were initially tempted to get the first insurance they could find that “ticked the box” of those demanding evidence that they were insured. Lot’s of people tell others “my insurance costs less than yours”. Giving in to the cost saving temptation means that businesses have ticked “a box” yet not actually protected their assets, income or reputation. Insurance that isn’t fit for purpose rarely pays out. Unless you are very lucky.

It actually takes as much as 30 days to arrange some insurances, because the insurance underwriters that understand emerging risks are in such short supply. After all, it is not car insurance, which has been commoditised and is available at the click of a finger 24/7, 365 – if you have a debit card.

Why are rates so high?

 

When talking to business owners looking for protection we first assess their requirements and then provide them with some ballpark estimates of the annual cost of protections. We do this because we are experienced enough to have a good idea of the rates achievable, and we know that some business owners haven’t budgeted for bespoke insurance. Some are shocked at the scale of the investment and we are often explaining that the situation is nothing to do with them. So who’s fault is it?

Some sectors have suffered from enormous losses because of the lack of care, skill, or diligence of the people operating in those sectors. Once insurance companies have “taken a hiding” from a particular sector, they might withdraw. You’ve probably read about how flood insurance is in such short supply. It actually isn’t, we have plenty of underwriters who will provide cover in reputed “flood zones”. Yet the media paint a different picture, and people believe what they hear often enough.

What the media don’t report is the high earning sectors that have suffered huge losses do not have many underwriters vying for their business, even if it is unique. This means that their rates will increase because there is demand, yet not much supply. Insurers need to come clean about the issues they resolve in a sector if they are to build trust and reduce risk.

Wrap up: Even if you are in a sector that has suffered losses there is plenty you can do to achieve the most competitive rates available. The first thing is to investigate losses that have happened in the sector in the past, and then work out exactly how to reduce them, using risk management. If you are unsure how to do this contact us and we will help where we can, or point you in the right direction.

Top Tip: When thinking of diving into a new sector, always speak to a set of good advisers first because solicitors, accountants, business advisers, perhaps even insurance brokers, may have experience in the sector or, at least, are able to point you in the direction of those that do. By asking the right questions you will find out more than your challengers know. The tax predicament, propensity to litigate and insurance rates will have a bearing on the profits you are able to make in any particular line of business.

Categories : Accountants Insurance,After The Event,All Risks Insurance,Building Contractor,Business Insurance,Company Insurance,Contractors Insurance,Customer Service,Design Insurance,Domian name protection,General Requirements,Health & Safety,Intellectual Property Insurance,Legal expenses insurance,Liability Insurance,Litigation expenses insurance,Patent Insurance,Personal Insurance,Solicitors indemnity,Solicitors insurance,Trade,Trade Secret Protection,Trademark Insurance,Uncategorized Tags : , , , , , , , ,